Beneficial Use to help erosion on Texas coast
Project: South Padre Island Implements Beach Re-nourishment
Jurisdiction: South Padre Island, Texas
Agency: Texas General Land Office, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Galveston District, Cameron County, South Padre Island
Vendor: Weeks Marine
Date Began: Sept. 27, 2012
Expense Estimation: $3.4 million
The impact of tropical storms is a serious concern for coastal residents. One way that South Padre Island, Texas, protects its assets is through beaches, which not only fuel the local economy but serve as storm protection to residential property and critical city infrastructure.
Typically, along open coastlines, waves and currents along the shore move sand back and forth along a beach. This transport can be interrupted by natural barriers such as headlands, or man-made barriers such as jetties, at an inlet. The South Padre beaches, being down drift of the inlet, face erosion at an average rate of 5 to 10 feet per year, prompting local officials to pursue methods of returning sediment back to the beach.
To prevent erosion along the coastline, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Galveston District partnered with the Texas General Land Office, Cameron County and South Padre Island to implement a beach nourishment project called Beneficial Use.
According to a press release from architectural consulting firm HDR, this dredging project places sand from the entrance of Brazos Santiago Pass directly onto the city’s beaches and serves as a bypass system to transport material that would have been deposited on to South Padre had the channel and jetties not been constructed. The project serves to employ environmentally and economically responsible ways to use dredged materials to benefit local communities.
“The project provides multiple benefits with lasting impacts on the South Texas economy,” said USACE Galveston Dristrict commander Christopher W. Sallese, in a statement. According to Sallese, the beach renourishment efforts combat storm surge, prevent coastal erosion, generate economic growth through increased tourism and provide opportunities for recreation.